Data shows ‘public health crisis intensifying in the US even before the start of the pandemic’
New York – Depression is on the rise in the United States, according to new research from Columbia University and the City University of New York. Even more troubling, the study authors say that as depression has increased, there has been no increase in people seeking mental health support or treatment.
The study authors say that in 2020, nearly one in 10 Americans reported having depression in the past 12 months. About one in five teens or young adults reported it.
The data used for this project was provided by National survey on drug use and health spanning from 2015 to 2020. This survey is a nationally representative survey of Americans age 12 and older. have major depression most common mental disorder Seen in the United States, and considered a strong risk factor for suicidal behavior.
An increase in depression rates is hardly a new trend; depression US population jumped From 6.6 percent in 2005 to 7.3 percent in 2015.
“Our study updates depression prevalence estimates for the US population through the year 2020 and confirms an increase in depression from 2015 to 2019, reflecting a public health crisis that was accelerating even earlier in the US. the beginning of the epidemic” says lead study author Renee D. Goodwin, PhD, an assistant professor in the department of epidemiology at the Columbia Mailman School of Public Health and professor of epidemiology at the City University of New York. Statement., “The net effect of these trends suggests an accelerated public health crisis and that equity and public-service announcement efforts have not achieved equity in depression treatment.”
‘Early in life depression predicts increased risk of additional mental health problems’
Regarding 2020Nine percent of Americans aged 12 years or older experienced a major depressive episode in the past year. However, the condition was thought to be most common in both young adults (ages 18–25) and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. Both of those age groups exhibited depression rates around the 17 percentage point.
Meanwhile, depression rose most rapidly among adolescents and young adults, and also spread close to all gender, racial/ethnic, income and education groups. Interestingly, however, the prevalence of the condition did not change when it came to adults over the age of 35. Overall, and perhaps most importantly, the rate of people seeking help remained consistently low.
“Our results neither told nor told the majority of adolescents with depression” talked with a health care professional regarding symptoms of depression nor received pharmacological treatment from 2015 to 2020,” notes Prof. Goodwin.
Non-Hispanic white individuals displayed the highest prevalence of depression, more than all other race/ethnic groups. It was also more common in women and adults who were not currently or previously married. Even across income groups, depression levels increased between 2015 and 2019. That being said, the prevalence of depression was highest among those with the lowest household income.
“High level and concentration untreated depression Adolescents and young adults are particularly problematic because untreated depression early in life is predicted to be at increased risk of additional mental health problems later,” concluded Prof. Goodwin. “The short-term and long-term consequences of the epidemic on depression are yet to come. Not clear, but these estimates are an essential starting point for determining the mental health impact of the pandemic. Expanding evidence-based, community-based, public-facing campaigns that seek help, early intervention, prevention, and depression There is an urgent need to promote education about
The study is published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine.